Key Facts on HIV in Asia and the Pacific (2018)
3.2 million people living with HIV are receiving antiretroviral therapy – expanding, but still behind global trends.
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission at 56% [47-71%] coverage is well below the global average of 82% [62->95%]
Data are regularly collected in many countries, but more analysis is needed to translate them into useful strategic information for action.
Data gaps include information on transgender people, young key populations and prisoners; inconsistent disaggregation of information by age and gender; and availability of city and sub-national data.
US$ 3.5 billion was available for AIDS response in 2018 and current level of resources for AIDS response is about 25% below the annual resources needed by 2020 to reach the Fast-Track Targets.
Although there is evidence of progress, all 38 countries still have laws that impede HIV response.
- 37 criminalize some aspects of sex work
- 11 have compulsory detention centres for people who use drugs
- 15 have the death penalty for drug-related offences
- 16 criminalize same-sex relations
10impose some form of restriction on the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV based on their HIV status